The numerical simulation based on the Finite Element Method (FEM) is widely used in academic institutes and in the industry. It is a useful tool to predict many phenomena present in the classical manufacturing forming processes such as fracture. But, the results of such numerical model depend strongly on the parameters of the constitutive behavior model. The influences of thermal and mechanical loads cause damage. The temperature and strain rate dependent materials’ properties and their modelling are discussed. A Johnson-Cook Model of damage has been selected for the numerical simulations. Virtual software called the ABAQUS 6.11 is used for finite element analysis. This model was introduced in order to give information concerning crack initiation during thermal and mechanical loads.<\/p>\r\n","references":"[1]\tHettema, M. H. H, (1999), \u201cA microstructural analysis of the compaction of claystone aggregates at high temperatures\u201d. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol.36(1), pp. 57-68.\r\n[2]\tDougill, J. W, Lau, J. C, Burt, N. J, (1976), Mechanics in eng. ASCE. EMD, pp.333-355.\r\n[3]\tWang, Z. B, Xu, D. Y, Wang, X. D, (2001) \u201cExperimental study on concrete thermal damage\u201d. Journal of Hohai University, Vol. 29(6), pp.94-98.\r\n[4]\tXu, X. C, (2003) \u201cStudy on the characteristics of thermal for granite\u201d. Rock and Soil Mechanics, Vol. 24(sup), pp. 188-191. (In Chinese).\r\n[5]\tXie, W. H, Gao, F, Li, S. C, (2007) \u201cStudy on mechanism of thermal damage fracture for limestone\u201d. Rock and Soil Mechanics, Vol. 28(5), pp. 1021-1025. (In Chinese).\r\n[6]\tZhang, L. Y, Lu, W. T, Mao, X. B (2007) Experimental research on mechanical properties of sandstone at high temperature. Journal of Mining & Safety Engineering, Vol. 24(3), pp. 293-297. (In Chinese).\r\n[7]\tZhang, L. Y, Mao, X. B, Lu, A. H, (2009) \u201cExperimental study on the mechanical properties of rocks at high temperature\u201d. Science in China Series E: Technological Sciences, Vol. 52(3) , pp. 641-646.\r\n[8]\tBr\u00fcnig M (2003a) An anisotropic ductile damage model based on irreversible thermodynamics. Int J Plast 19:1679\u20131713.\r\n[9]\tGurson, A.L., 1977. Continuum theory of ductile rupture by void nucleation and growth. Part I. Yield criteria and flow rules for porous ductile media. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology \u2013 Transactions of ASME 99, 2\u201315.\r\n[10]\tLemaitre J (1996) A course on damage mechanics. Springer, Berlin.\r\n[11]\tVoyiadjis G, Kattan P (1999) Advances in damage mechanics: metals and metal matrix composites. Elsevier, Amsterdam.\r\n[12]\tL.L. Mishnaevsky Jr and S. Schmauder, \u201cA model of damage and fracture based on fuzzy sets theory\u201d, \u201cECF11-Mechanisms and mechanics of damage and failure\u2019\u2019 PMA, University Stuttgart, Germany.\r\n[13]\tFeng De-cheng, Tian Lin, Cao Peng. Study of longitudinal cracking during settlement of soil based on extended finite element method (J). Engineering Mechanics, 2011, 28 (5): 149-154. (in Chinese).\r\n[14]\tCao Peng, Feng De-cheng, Tian Lin, Jing Ru-xin. \u201cBased on elastic-plastic damage mechanics to research cracking evolution of Cement stabilized base course during maintaining period\u201d. Journal Engineering Mechanics, 2011, 28 (S1): 99-102,109.\r\n[15]\tFang Xiujun, Jin Feng. \u201cExtended Finite Element Method Based on Abaqus\u201d. Journal Engineering Mechanics. 2007, 24(7):6-10.\r\n[16]\tBai, Y., Wierzbicki, T., 2008. \u201cPredicting fracture of AHSS sheets on the punch and die radii and sidewall\u201d. In: Proceedings of Numisheet 2008, Interlaken, Switzerland, pp. 297\u2013306.\r\n[17]\tKim, J.H., Sung, J.H., Wagoner, R.H., 2009. Thermo-mechanical modeling of draw - bend formability tests. In: Proceedings of IDDRG Conference, Golden, CO, pp. 503\u2013512.\r\n[18]\tWagoner, R., Kim, J., Sung, J., 2009. Formability of advanced high strength steels. International Journal of Material Forming 2, 359\u2013362.\r\n[19]\tBai, Y., Wierzbicki, T., 2010. Application of extended Mohr\u2013Coulomb criterion to ductile fracture. International Journal of Fracture 161, 1\u201320.\r\n[20]\tABAQUS\/CAE User's Manual Version 6.9.\r\n[21]\tWeibull, W, (1958) \u201cA statistical distribution function of wide applicability.\u201d Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 18, pp. 293-297.\r\n[22]\tGumbel, E, (1985) Statistics of Extremes. New York: Columbia University Press.","publisher":"World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology","index":"Open Science Index 112, 2016"}