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How do you estimate work effort in hours?

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I'm a project manager working in a software development firm. I do not have any technical background, which makes my work very challenging. I want to estimate the number of hours for the work effort of the developers. The problem is that I cannot rely on myself (again, I do not have the experience) and I cannot rely on the developers (developer's optimism). Even padding the estimates given to me by the developers will not work, as either the padded estimates will be too high and the project schedule will become unrealistic (highly inflated), or the padded estimates will still be too low and the project schedule will be unattainable.

Is there a process, or are there some  set of good practices to estimate the work effort in hours?
asked 8 years ago by anonymous

1 Answer

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Estimating is usually done bottom-up. Hence you should have a complete set of activities that would be done as part of the project. Also, you need to ensure that your team members are experienced enough to provide fair estimates and have worked on similar projects.
A few things that can be done are -
-When you ask the team to prepare estimates , ask them to write down the assumptions and approaches they used to arrive at each of them.
-You can also anonymously ask a separate team which has done a similar project to provide an estimate so you have some basis for comparison
-As you go forward, build an ongoing "actual hours" database of the recorded time spent on each aspect of your projects. Use the data to help estimate future projects
-Try and read on the commonly used estimation techniques such as PERT , Function Point , Use Case points.
-Communicate with other Project Managers to understand how they estimate for their projects and issues that they have faced in their projects.
-Be aware that in case of development projects there are many factors that are considered before giving an estimation such as the architecture being used , the development language  etc
-Plan your project in a phased manner and concentrate on individual modules so you can plan better. Ask your team to provide modular estimates as well.
answered 8 years ago by dimple (2,920 points)

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