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what are the types of structures that are found in project management

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asked 8 years ago by anonymous

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I assume you are talking about organizational structures. There are essentially two types of organizational structures in project management:

- The functional organizational structure: This is where functional managers run the projects and direct resources. The advantage of this structure is that every employee has only one manager (not several as we will see in the next type), but the main disadvantage is that sometimes functional  managers don't have work to give for their employees (which leads to an unnecessary non-productivity) as all functional managers have their resources work in silos.

- The matrix organizational structure: There are several flavors of this organizational structure: The "Functional Matrix", the "Balanced Matrix", and "The Project Matrix". In a functional matrix, the functional  manager still owns the resources and direct them, while the project manager is responsible for handling all non-resource management project activities. In a balanced matrix, the functional manager and the project manager share authority over the resources, which leads to conflicts over the resources (and also the resources will suffer from having two managers, potentially giving them conflicting tasks). In a project matrix, the project manager has full authority over the resources which he "borrows" from their respective functional managers. You can read more about the matrix organizational structure here: http://projectmanagementquestions.com/1770/how-to-manage-a-project-in-a-matrix-environment
answered 8 years ago by LonelyProjectManager (4,420 points)

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